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Density, Mass, & Volume Concepts & Equations Mr. Abud

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Mass Measurement of the amount of matter, or stuff, an object has –Measured in grams (g)

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Volume Measurement of the amount of space an object takes up –Measured in milliliters (mL) or cm 3

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Volume of a regular shaped object Rectangular Prism –Length x width x height Cylinder –Area of circular base (pi x radius 2 ) x height

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Density Measurement of the amount of mass an object has per its volume –Derived unit:g/mL Comes from units of mass per units of volume

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Density as a ratio Density can be viewed as the ratio of an object’s mass to its volume Mass : Volume

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Graphing Density On the vertical, or y-axis, mass is plotted On the horizontal, or x-axis, volume is plotted The resulting line that comes from plotting coordinates on the graph represents the density

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1cc = 1mL

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Remember Slope? Rise over run –It’s the amount that a y value changes compared to how much an x value changes It’s a ratio of y values to x values

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Slope of Mass v Volume If we figure out how much the mass changes (∆) compared to how much the volume changes, we get a slope that is a ratio of mass to volume –That slope will look like this: ∆Mass ∆Volume THAT’S DENSITY!!!!!

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Density Equation Density = mass divided by volume g/mL = g divided by mL Let’s use density!

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dv m D = m / v

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How to use the circle Using info from problem, determine what you are trying to find. Cover up the variable you’re trying to find Do the calculation that’s left. EXAMPLE: Covering up mass leaves density x volume dv m

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Problem 1 The mass of a silver bracelet is 2.5 grams, it occupies a volume of 48cm 3, what is its density?

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Problem 2 The density of silver (Ag) is 10.5 g/cm3. Find the mass of Ag that occupies 965 cm3 of space.

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Problem 3 A 2.75 kg sample of a substance occupies a volume of 250.0 mL. What is its density?

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Problem 4 A rectangular block of Lead (Pb) measures 20.0 mm X 30.0 mm X 45.0 mm. If the mass of the Pb block is 10g, find its density.

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Problem 5 A cube of gold (Au), which has all equal sides, has a side length of 1.55 cm. If the sample is found to have a mass of 71.9 g, find the density of Au.

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Measuring Volume INDIRECTLY Some objects are irregularly shaped –So it’s hard to find out their volume We need a method of getting their volume though. –INDIRECT MEASUREMENT Water displacement Put an irregular shaped object in water, measure how much the water rises, and that’s the object’s volume

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Ways to Affect Density Change mass AND keep volume same Change volume AND keep mass same

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Change Mass AND Keep Volume Same Increase the mass increase density Decrease the mass decrease in density Which container has more density? AB

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Change Volume AND Keep Mass Same Increase the volume decrease density Decrease the volume increase density Which container has more density? AB

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What 2 ways will INCREASE density?

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Keep the same mass AND decrease the volume Keep the same volume AND increase the mass

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Comparing Densities Objects or substances with MORE density will sink below objects or substances with LESS density –Which do you think is MORE dense, Water or Oil???

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Water, Oil…and a Superball The oil is less dense than the water, so it’s on top. The superball is less dense than water, but more dense than oil, so it sinks to the bottom of the oil layer, yet floats on the top of the water layer.

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In Conclusion If you have 2 substances, –the MORE dense substance will be on bottom –The LESS dense substance will be on top

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Think About This The density of five liquids are measured as follows: –Liquid 1: 1.0 g/mL –Liquid 2: 1.38 g/mL –Liquid 3: 0.77 g/mL –Liquid 4: 2.95 g/mL –Liquid 5: 0.056 g/mL Draw a picture of all 5 liquids in a test tube how they would layer according to density

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Think About This The density of five liquids are measured as follows: –Liquid 1: 1.0 g/mL –Liquid 2: 1.38 g/mL –Liquid 3: 0.77 g/mL –Liquid 4: 2.95 g/mL –Liquid 5: 0.056 g/mL Draw a picture of all 5 liquids in a test tube how they would layer according to density Liquid 5 Liquid 3 Liquid 1 Liquid 2 Liquid 4

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Until the Density DUNK!!!!!!!

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