Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Solve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including equations whose solutions require expanding expressions using the distributive property and collecting like terms.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Solve linear equations in one variable.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations

Indicator: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y =mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the given equation into simpler forms, until an equivalent equation of the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different numbers).

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations

Indicator: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. For example, compare a distance-time graph to a distance-time equation to determine which of two moving objects has greater speed.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Understand that solutions to a system of two linear equations in two variables correspond to points of intersection of their graphs, because points of intersection satisfy both equations simultaneously.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Solve systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations. Solve simple cases by inspection. For example, 3x + 2y = 5 and 3x + 2y = 6 have no solution because 3x + 2y cannot simultaneously be 5 and 6.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Solve real-world and mathematical problems leading to two linear equations in two variables. For example, given coordinates for two pairs of points, determine whether the line through the first pair of points intersects the line through the second pair.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Work with radicals and integer exponents

Indicator: Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions. For example, 3^2 x 3^(-5) = 3^(-3) = 1/(3^3) = 1/27.

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Learning Domain: Mathematical Practices

Standard: Mathematical practices

Indicator: Look for and make use of structure. Mathematically proficient students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. Young students, for example, might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7 x 8 equals the well remembered 7 x 5 + 7 x 3, in preparation for learning about the distributive property. In the expression x^2 + 9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 x 7 and the 9 as 2 + 7. They recognize the significance of an existing line in a geometric figure and can use the strategy of drawing an auxiliary line for solving problems. They also can step back for an overview and shift perspective. They can see complicated things, such as some algebraic expressions, as single objects or as being composed of several objects. For example, they can see 5 - 3(x - y)^2 as 5 minus a positive number times a square and use that to realize that its value cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x and y.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Work with radicals and integer exponents

Indicator: Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other. For example, estimate the population of the United States as 3 x 10^8 and the population of the world as 7 x 10^9, and determine that the world population is more than 20 times larger.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Work with radicals and integer exponents

Indicator: Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x^2 = p and x^3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that ‰ö_2 is irrational.

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Learning Domain: Mathematical Practices

Standard: Mathematical practices

Indicator: Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Mathematically proficient students make sense of the quantities and their relationships in problem situations. Students bring two complementary abilities to bear on problems involving quantitative relationships: the ability to decontextualize"Óto abstract a given situation and represent it symbolically and manipulate the representing symbols as if they have a life of their own, without necessarily attending to their referents"Óand the ability to contextualize, to pause as needed during the manipulation process in order to probe into the referents for the symbols involved. Quantitative reasoning entails habits of creating a coherent representation of the problem at hand; considering the units involved; attending to the meaning of quantities, not just how to compute them; and knowing and flexibly using different properties of operations and objects.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Work with radicals and integer exponents

Indicator: Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology.

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Learning Domain: Expressions and Equations

Standard: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations

Indicator: Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations.

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This resource is well aligned with Common Core standard 8.EE.3. The resource is a multi-part lesson which aims to develop students' understanding of representing large and small quantities with scientific notation and to compare quantities. The resource includes lesson plans and materials teachers will need to implement the lessons. Also includes suggestions for responding to students' misconceptions. Depending on your students background knowledge, you may want to scaffold the lesson with a brief review of exponents (comparing various powers of the same base).

(Comments by DG -- HIDOE)